Marshall (DD 676) was laid down by the Federal Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co.
Kearny, N.J., 29 April 1943; launched 29 August 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Thomas
W. Marshall, mother of Lt. Comdr. Marshall; and commissioned 16 October 1943,
Lt. Comdr. Sinclair B. Wright in command.|
Marshall's first big assignment came
while she was still on her shakedown cruise off Bermuda. Speeding from that
area, she rendezvoused in mid-Atlantic with Iowa, 13 December 1943, to escort
President Roosevelt back from the Big Three Conference at Teheran (28 November
to 1 December).
On 6 January 1944, Marshall departed New York for Pearl Harbor, arriving on
the 28th. She remained at Pearl Harbor, undergoing further training and
providing escort services to battle-damaged ships returning for repairs, until
mid-March. Then, with TF 58.2, she sailed for Majuro, arriving on the 20th.
Fast Carrier Task Force 58, with Marshall taking station in the antisubmarine
screen, departed Majuro 22 March to conduct aerial sorties against Palau, 30th,
and Woleai, 1 April. Marshall next participated in TF 58's airstrikes against
Japanese installations at Wakde and Hollandia in New Guinea, 21 to 27 April. On
the 29th, Truk was the recipient of the force's aerial message, while on the
30th her battleships commenced the bombardment off Ponape and her cruisers
shelled Satawan. In May, the force moved against Wake and Marcus Islands, with
Marshall assigned to Join in an antishipping sweep north of the latter.
The next month the task force was called on to support amphibious operations
in the Marianas. On the 17th, the force headed west to intercept a Japanese
force reported en route to the Marianas to support enemy troops fighting on
Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Rota, and Pagan Islands. On the 19th, the Battle of the
Philippine Sea commenced. In the course Or the 2-day battle, the Japanese Fleet
lost three aircraft carriers and 395 carrier planes (92 percent of her carrier
plane strength).Marshall was credited with an assist in splashing two of those
planes. For the next month and a half, Marshall continued to support operations
in the southern Marianas, interrupted only by participation in the strikes
against Chichi Jima and Iwo Jima, 4 July, and against Palau, Ulithi, and Yap, 23
to 27 July.
Marshall returned to Eniwetok in mid-August for voyage repairs and upkeep,
departing again on the 23d for operations in the Palau Islands. As a unit of
TF38 (Formerly 58), she took part in the Palau and Philippine operations 6 to 24
September. On 12 September, she picked up 44 Japanese survivors from the cruiser
Natori, sunk 18 August by Hardhead (SS-365).
After repair and replenishment at newly won Ulithi, Marshall's task group got
underway 6 October for strikes against Okinawa, 10th, and Formosa 12th to 14th.
Marshall was then ordered to provide antiaircraft cover for the damaged cruiser
Canberra during airstrikes against enemy strongholds throughout the Philippines.
On the 22d she rejoined her task group in a search for the enemy in the Sibuyan
Sea and the Mindoro Strait. On the 25th the Task Force moved north towards Cape
Engano, while Marshall Joined TG 34.5 proceeding to San Bernardino Strait to
intercept units of the Japanese Fleet withdrawing from Leyte Gulf. In the first
hours of the 26th, a Japanese destroyer was sighted and sunk by the group.
Returning to the fast carrier force on the 31st, Marshall continued to operate
in the Philippines until the end of the year.
The new year, 1945, brought further strikes against the Philippines and, with
operations in the South China Sea, against Formosa and the coast off China. On
10 February, Marshall, with TG 58.2, sailed for the enemy's home islands and on
the 16th and 17th the carrier planes flew against Tokyo. The force then sped
southeast to support the landings on Iwo Jima, returning to the Honshu area for
further strikes on the 25th. By 1 March the task force was off Okinawa,
commencing strikes in preparation for that campaign. On the 15th, strikes were
directed against Ryushu. On the 19th, Franklin received a direct hit and
Marshall joined in the rescue, taking off 212 off her crew, and, on the 20th,
escorted the listing ship back to Ulithi.
During the Okinawa campaign Marshall operated as advanced radar picket for
her task group and escorted damaged ships to safety, 8 April to 9 May. On 9 May
she departed for Ulithi, continuing on to Leyte and finally San Francisco,
arriving 6 July for overhaul. Before Completion, the war ended and Marshall
inactivated. Decommissioned in December, she was placed in the Reserve Fleet at
On 27 April 1951 Marshall recommissioned and on 22 August Joined TF 77 in the
Sea of Japan, once more screening carriers in combat, this time against
Communist forces in Korea. During this tour in the Far East Marshall served with
the Formosa Strait patrol and with the U.N. Blockade and Escort Force off
Korea's east coast as well as on carrier screen duty in the Yellow Sea.
In March 1962, the destroyer returned to San Diego for overhaul and on 4
October sailed again tor the Far Fast. Arriving on the 28th, she once again
began a Korean combat tour as a screening unit for carriers. In midNovember, she
was detached and, after 2 weeks of hunterkiller operations, joined TF 95 in the
bombardment of Wonsan, 10 December. On 7 January 1953, she steamed south to join
the Formosa Strait patrol. In mid-February Marshall rejoined TF 77. Two months
later, her western Pacific deployment completed, she headed home, arriving San
Diego 6 May.
For the next 11 years Marshall operated as a unit of the Pacific Fleet Home
ported at San Diego, she was regularly deployed with the 7th Fleet in the
western Pacific. While with that fleet she operated primarily with TF 77 and in
1960 was a unit of a carrier strike group standing by in the South China Sea
during the uprising of the Communist Pathet Lao in Laos.
On 1 September 1964, Marshall changed her home port to Tacoma, Wash. There
she relieved Watts as the Naval Reserve training ship for the 13th Naval
District. Continuing this assignment as part of the Navy's Selected Reserve
Antisubmarine Warfare Component into 1969, Marshall trained her Ready Reserve
Crew 1 weekend a month and 2 weeks during the summer and carries out afloat
training responsibilities tor naval reservists in the northwestern United
Marshall received eight battle stars tor World War II service and four for